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Molecular karyotyping by array CGH in a Russian cohort of children with intellectual disability, autism, epilepsy and congenital anomalies

Ivan Y Iourov12*, Svetlana G Vorsanova123, Oxana S Kurinnaia123, Maria A Zelenova13, Alexandra P Silvanovich1 and Yuri B Yurov123

Author Affiliations

1 Mental Health Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, 119152, Moscow, Russia

2 Institute of Pediatrics and Children Surgery, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 125412, Moscow, Russia

3 Moscow City University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

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Molecular Cytogenetics 2012, 5:46  doi:10.1186/1755-8166-5-46

Published: 31 December 2012

Abstract

Background

Array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) has been repeatedly shown to be a successful tool for the identification of genomic variations in a clinical population. During the last decade, the implementation of array CGH has resulted in the identification of new causative submicroscopic chromosome imbalances and copy number variations (CNVs) in neuropsychiatric (neurobehavioral) diseases. Currently, array-CGH-based technologies have become an integral part of molecular diagnosis and research in individuals with neuropsychiatric disorders and children with intellectual disability (mental retardation) and congenital anomalies. Here, we introduce the Russian cohort of children with intellectual disability, autism, epilepsy and congenital anomalies analyzed by BAC array CGH and a novel bioinformatic strategy.

Results

Among 54 individuals highly selected according to clinical criteria and molecular and cytogenetic data (from 2426 patients evaluated cytogenetically and molecularly between November 2007 and May 2012), chromosomal imbalances were detected in 26 individuals (48%). In two patients (4%), a previously undescribed condition was observed. The latter has been designated as meiotic (constitutional) genomic instability resulted in multiple submicroscopic rearrangements (including CNVs). Using bioinformatic strategy, we were able to identify clinically relevant CNVs in 15 individuals (28%). Selected cases were confirmed by molecular cytogenetic and molecular genetic methods. Eight out of 26 chromosomal imbalances (31%) have not been previously reported. Among them, three cases were co-occurrence of subtle chromosome 9 and 21 deletions.

Conclusions

We conducted an array CGH study of Russian patients suffering from intellectual disability, autism, epilepsy and congenital anomalies. In total, phenotypic manifestations of clinically relevant genomic variations were found to result from genomic rearrangements affecting 1247 disease-causing and pathway-involved genes. Obviously, a significantly lesser part of them are true candidates for intellectual disability, autism or epilepsy. The success of our preliminary array CGH and bioinformatic study allows us to expand the cohort. According to the available literature, this is the first comprehensive array CGH evaluation of a Russian cohort of children with neuropsychiatric disorders and congenital anomalies.

Keywords:
Array CGH; Intellectual disability; Congenital anomalies; Autism; Epilepsy; Genome variations; Chromosome imbalances; Chromosome abnormalities; Copy number viriations (CNVs)